Smart transportation is a critical element of smart cities. The blending of digital technologies with physical transportation infrastructure will change how people live, work, and travel in towns. The utilization of driverless vehicles, IoT, big data analytics, and other technologies will allow urban residents to move safer, cheaper, and faster.
By adding smart transportation aspects, communities will become more efficient, livable, and ecological. Several applications, including self-driving cars, road traffic analysis, public parking management, and road monitoring, are predicted to heavily rely on computer vision services.
What specifically can computers accomplish with images when given some assistance from machine learning techniques? Let’s start with something simple.
Assessing the Role of Computer Vision in Transportation
Digital systems that analyze large amounts of data, including text-based information, GPS and GIS data, data from IoT sensors, and other types of data, are the foundation of the transportation industry. The processing of this raw data into insights that can be put to use by urban planning organizations to create efficient policies in smart cities is achieved by computer vision.
Also, to comprehend how computer vision works, it is necessary to understand the mechanism that it represents.
COMPUTER VISION & MACHINE LEARNING
Once the captured image reaches the interpretation device, the machine learning algorithm processes it. Modern computer vision-based systems frequently use neural networks. Understanding images is a difficult challenge, but deep learning can manage it thanks to its layered understanding process.
Depending on the function for which they were designed, computer vision systems are capable of performing particular tasks. The least complex ones are at the top of our list.
1. Object or Movement Detection
The most fundamental computer vision task is detection, which only requires the computer to acknowledge the existence of something rather than fully comprehend what it is viewing. The AI model utilizing AI services can easily pick them up even in detailed photographs after being trained with a collection of images of objects or motion with annotated bounding boxes.
2. Classification of Images
In this instance, the algorithm assigns a class to a picture using its database-based information. You might ask, for instance, if it’s an apple or a banana. It learns to differentiate between the two categories after being trained with a labeled database that includes both apple and banana photos.
- Image Segmentation: AI is able to detect the area of focus by identifying a section of an image based on particular criteria, such as color or gray value (in the case of achromatic images).
- Image Identification: Image identification combines the tasks of identifying and categorizing items in an image as a collection of techniques that enables the algorithm to recognize various variables (such as objects, locations, logos, etc.)
3. Image Generation
GANs (Generative Adversarial Networks) yield new visuals that can later be used for a variety of tasks, such as data augmentation and targeted advertising. In actuality, the ML models are unable to produce a brand-new image. They mix the elements they are already familiar with, just like our brains do when we dream.
Relationship between Computer Vision and Machine Learning
Technology never stops trying to emulate the human brain, therefore artificial intelligence has long been a topic of interest. Let’s talk about the connection between AI, machine learning, and computer vision to illustrate the progression of these innovations.
Computer vision and machine learning are two fields that have developed more interconnected. In terms of recognition and tracking, machine learning has improved computer vision. It provides efficient techniques for object focus, image processing, and acquisition that are used in computer vision. It has been used in a number of contexts, including:
Self-Driving Cars, in which automotive machine learning algorithms must acquire visual data from securely piloting the vehicle.
Retail & Inventory, advanced cameras in Amazon Go stores have been utilized to track when items are removed or replaced from shelves, allowing online inventory to be updated while expediting the checkout process.
In The Medical Field, the images of blood on surgical instruments can be utilized to assess blood loss and give doctors precise information about the patient’s status.
Machine Learning and Deep Learning
Since it allows for the movement of commodities from one location to another, trade, commerce, and communication, transportation is a crucial aspect of daily life. In the last century, there have been several changes in the transportation industry. We have reached a point in time where artificial intelligence will significantly advance transportation (AI).
In addition, the ability of automobiles, trains, ships, and airplanes to automate independently and improve traffic flow is one way that AI is already transforming the transportation sector. Apart from making our lives easier, it has the potential to deliver a safer, greener, smarter, and more efficient form of transportation for everyone.
*AI-powered autonomous transportation, for instance, could help eliminate the human errors that cause many road accidents.
· Safety and Reliability
Over 90% of traffic collisions are the result of human mistakes, such as speeding, distraction, and intoxicated driving. Therefore, it can be said that safety and dependability are the most crucial aspects for anyone operating in the transportation industry. Passengers need to know that they are secure and that the vehicles they travel with are dependable.
Transport-related emissions have a big impact on pollution growth and global warming. By enabling researchers to find more environmentally friendly ways to operate vehicles and other transportation-related machinery, AI can aid in the deployment of novel and creative solutions to deal with rising pollution.
On the Logistics Performance Index (LPI), developing nations perform worse than developed countries due to ineffective infrastructure and inadequate customs practices. Unquestionably, AI will improve transportation systems’ vitally important energy efficiency.
· Video Tracking
A moving item can be tracked using video technology over time. To assist with video tracking, object recognition is employed. Video tracking can be utilized in sports. Sports require a lot of movement, and these technologies are great for tracking player movement.
Despite all the buzz surrounding artificial intelligence, machine learning, and computer vision, it was obvious to us—albeit true—that computer vision still lags below human biological vision. This is the situation that both business owners and developers are in. Apart from the fact that participation in this type of endeavor entailed a significant financial investment, the limitations of common learning algorithms, and resource depletion.